What is LPG?
The term LPG means liquefied petroleum gas.
It is also known as butane or propane. It is used as fuel for cooking purposes, apart from its use in heating equipment and to power vehicles. LPG is prepared by refining oil or wet natural gas and is derived mainly from fossil fuel sources. It is manufactured during the refining of crude oil or extracted from natural gas streams as they emerge from the ground or are derived from petroleum products.
LPG production process
LPG is produced during a process of processing natural gas and refining petroleum. It is separated from unprocessed natural gas by a cooling technique and then extracted from the hot crude oil using a distillation tower. The LPG obtained can be used as such or it can be separated into its three main parts, namely: propane, isobutane and butane.
Liquefied petroleum gas is usually stored as pressurized liquid in cylinders or tanks.
LPG constitutes a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases that are liquefied through pressurization and is commonly used as fuel. The following list of gases is also labeled under GLP and includes butane, isobutane, propane and a mixture of these three.
Liquefied petroleum gases can be stored in steel containers ranging from small gas cylinders for barbecues to larger tanks and gas cylinders.
Main uses of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
LPG can be used for many purposes, including
• in Houses, it is used for cooking, heating, roasting.
• Electricity generation In the case of generators, co-gene, tri-gene and gas turbines.
• farming For greenhouses, brush clearing, drying crops.
• Business industry For forklifts, ovens, boilers, ovens.
• Transport For taxis, buses, autogas, commercial vehicles.
• Live Stock For poultry sheds, diaries, piglets and so on
Why is LPG used as the most preferred cooking fuel?
LPG is considered the most preferred cooking fuel due to the following reasons:
• Burns easily and emits instant fuel.
• The flame is visible in nature.
• The flame can be adjusted to meet the heating requirements easily.
• Can be transported from one place to another in pressurized containers.
• It is easy to store LPG in a cylinder.
• It consumes less space in the kitchen to store a cylinder of LPG.
• It is not toxic in nature when it burns.
• It is unlikely to have any kind of detrimental effect on the environment.
• It does not release soot when it is burned and, therefore, the containers can be washed cleanly.
• It is one of the cheapest sources of fuel found in nature.
• It burns very efficiently with less combustion emissions and does not create black smoke.
• The replacement of a cylinder can easily be done without problems.
Primary suppliers of LPG cylinders in India
The following state companies are the main suppliers of LPG cylinders in India.
Bharat Gas is administered by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. It usually provides gas connections for domestic consumption in Indian homes. The company provides a dedicated web portal for its customers that can use the platform to request new connections in addition to reserving a new LPG cylinder. To ensure a new connection, customers must submit a list of documents that will determine their eligibility in addition to regulating eligibility for the subsidy granted by the government of India. The connection can be transferred from one place to another in any part of the country and this installation is available to all Bharat Gas customers.
Indane Gas is administered by the state Indian Oil Corporation. If one is looking to obtain a GLP connection for domestic use, then you can opt for Indane. The LPG connection under Indane is available to all by sending the required documents to the nearest Gas Indane distributor. The distributor will examine the documents and verify if the applicant is eligible to participate in the various schemes administered by the government of India to ensure the subsidized gas connections, mainly to those people who qualify for it. The registration in order to ensure the gas connection can be made through the online mode. Indane Gas customers can reserve cylinders by personally visiting the Indano Gas Distributor and, therefore, they can fill the cylinder by reserving them online or by phone or through the application of SMS (mobile). The connection can be transferred from one place to another anywhere in the country according to the requirements of the clients.
HP gas is managed by state-owned Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited. The company provides its customers with gas connections for domestic purposes throughout India. Clients are eligible to obtain a subsidy according to the government scheme and, depending on the client's account, the amount of the subsidy will be credited after the purchase of the cylinder. One has to present all the required documents that will be thoroughly examined to verify the eligibility to obtain the subsidy under the government scheme. If current customers of HP Gas want to change the gas connection from one place to another, the same will be done anywhere in the country. To ensure a new connection, one has to submit all the required documents as mentioned by the HP Gas distributor at the time of submission of the application form.
Documents required to ensure a new LPG connection
New aspiring customers have to send the list of the document mentioned below to ensure a new LPG connection.
Proof of identification document (any of the following)
• Pan card
• Voter identification card
• Aadhaar Card
• Driver's license
• Identification card with photo issued by the government
Proof of address documents (any of the following)
• Driver's license
• Rationing card
• Leasing contract
• Flat allocation
• Self-declaration certified by an official official
• Aadhaar Card
• House registration document
• Rental agreement document
• Utility bills such as electricity, water bill, telephone bills
• Passport size photos.
• Debit card or credit card.
Limit of domestic LPG cylinders
Indian households can buy up to 12 domestic LPG cylinders per year at subsidized prices. If consumers cross the established brand of 12 LPG cylinders per year, then they will be charged a non-subsidized rate from the 13th cylinder.
How to reserve for a LPG cylinder?
Those days were over, in which the consumers had to reserve a cylinder of LPG visiting personally to the distributor and waiting anxiously until the cylinder arrived near the doors. The technology has helped both customers and distributors to deliver a cylinder of LPG on time to the consumer's doors without any problem.
There are several ways through which a person can reserve a cylinder of LPG gas. Are
• Distributor Agency
• Online mode
• Mobile application for Android and i-phones.
• SMS mode
• IVRS mode
Customers can visit their respective distributor agent in their office and can reserve a new cylinder in person. This can be done by providing the customer number and payment can be made at the time of delivery of the cylinder.
Now, reserving a cylinder is an easy job, since one can sit comfortably in his house and can reserve a new cylinder by providing the user ID and password entry. All oil marketers, including HPCL, BPCL, IOCL, offer an option for their esteemed customers to reserve a new cylinder through their respective web portal. This will help customers fill empty cylinders without having to worry about physically visiting the dealer's store at all times.
Customers who prefer to book online can even pay for the cylinders through online mode using their debit card or credit card or through online banking or through the Paytm option. Some of the dealers are offering a discount on the maximum sale price of the cylinder when payment is made through online mode.
Advantages of reserving a LPG cylinder through online mode
• It can be booked from the comfort of home or office and it is not necessary to physically visit a store to reserve the cylinder.
• Consumers can make payments through the online mode through online banking or through debit / credit cards.
• One only has to visit the LPG provider's website to reserve a record of cylinder publications.
• After the delivery of the cylinder, the consumer will receive an SMS or an email notification.
• It is a convenient process to fill an empty cylinder.
• It is not necessary that you have to pay additional charges to book through online mode.
• Cylinder filling can be done at any time from anywhere.
• It is one of the safe and convenient methods to reserve a cylinder.
• Easy payment option.
• The delivery tracking system is available.
Mobile application for Android and phones i
Customers who use the smartphone can download the application from the respective gas distributor of the store and continue filling the LPG gas cylinder reserve through there.
The customer must first register in the mobile application by providing the correct mobile phone number, the email address and a unique password (OTP) that will be sent to the phone number for authentication of the registration process. Once the registration process of the application is done, the customer can continue and reserve to fill an empty cylinder and can choose to pay the cylinder either by debit / credit card or online or through net banking.
The mobile application contains all the details related to the identification of the client, the booking history, etc.
As the number of customers paying via online mode increases, gas marketing companies have introduced electronic wallet payment options to facilitate the payment procedure for LPG cylinders.
Customers who wish to reserve a cylinder filled with LPG can do so through SMS mode. The first thing you have to do is register your mobile phone number with the gas distributor, publish this, you must follow a particular format and you must send an SMS according to that format while reserving a new cylinder.
All gas distributors provide the specific numbers on their respective websites to which customers can send the request for a new cylinder via SMS.
For example: If a customer is acquiring a cylinder through Indane, then the procedure to register to reserve is as follows. For the first time, the client must send an IOC SMS to xxxxxxxxxx. If the distributor's landline number is 080 25586948 and the consumer number is YC24569V, then the SMS should be sent in the following format: IOC 080 25586948 YC24569V to xxxxxxxxxx.
For later reservations, send an IOC SMS to xxxxxxxxxx, whenever the reservation is made.
The term IVRS stands for Interactive Voice Response System and is a type of technology that allows the computer to interact with humans through the use of voice and dual tone multifrequency (DTMF) tones entered with the help of the keyboard or by voice.
Customers can reserve a filled LPG cylinder using IVRS and this facility is available in major cities in India. The system is simple but efficient, which speeds up the booking process and helps the customer to order a new cylinder filled 24 hours a day.
If the client uses the IVRS for the first time, he must dial the specific IVRS number that was assigned to each of the distributors, either from the mobile phone or through the fixed line, and then follow the steps to move forward according to Indicate the voice response.
The IVRS offers the customer that they choose the language option as the first step, after which the customer must enter the distributor's telephone number along with the STD code that follows this step, one must enter the 17-digit consumer number after it has to select options and reserve for the LPG cylinder filled in after this step, the system will provide a reference number for the reload reservation and will ask the user to register the telephone number for future use.
For additional reservations, registered users can dial the specific IVRS number that has been assigned particularly to each of the distributors from their registered phone number and continue to select the option through the interactive mode for the reservation top-up or to register a complaint or for Checking the status of the previous reservation. If the client chooses to fill in the reservation option, the system will respond by providing the reference number for it.
Types of LPG cylinders in India
In India, LPG cylinders differ mainly in two types and are
• Domestic LPG cylinder
• Non-domestic / commercial LPG cylinder
Domestic LPG cylinder
The domestic LPG cylinder is mainly for domestic use and is available with all gas distributors in the country. LPG prices are set by the state oil trading companies and are reached according to the exchange rate of the currency and oil prices globally. LPG prices are reviewed regularly at the beginning of the month.
Domestic LPG cylinders are currently available to users at subsidized prices. Due to the high rates of LPG cylinders, the central government has intervened and is providing all the LPG cylinders that are destined for domestic use at subsidized prices. In this process, the customer will have to pay the price that was mentioned in the cash note of the voucher issued by the distributor along with the delivery charges at the time of delivery of the LPG cylinder at the door of his house. The publication of the subsidy amount will be credited directly to the customer's bank account that has been linked to the gas connection. The domestic LPG cylinders are painted red for easy identification and to avoid their use for non-domestic purposes.
The amount of subsidy for domestic cylinders depends on the city and is in the range between Rs 420 – Rs 465 for a cylinder of 14.2 kg. In the case of a non-domestic LPG cylinder, the subsidy rates are between Rs 593 – Rs 605 per cylinder.
Domestic LPG cylinders in India are available in
• 5 kgs
• 14.2 kgs
Commercial LPG cylinders
Commercial LPG cylinders are those intended for use in non-domestic places that include hotels, restaurants, industries, restaurants, poultry, transportation, generation of electricity, agricultural use, etc. The prices of commercial LPG cylinders are set by the state oil trading companies and the same is subject to review on a regular basis. Gross global rates and the currency exchange rate are the two main factors that are taken into consideration before reaching the rates of commercial LPG cylinders in India.
The LPG cylinders are painted in blue for easy identification.
Commercial LPG cylinders are priced high compared to those used for domestic purposes and these cylinders are not eligible to obtain a government subsidy.
Commercial LPG cylinders in India are available in
• 5 kgs
• 19 kgs
• 47.5 kgs
How to link the number of the Aadhaar card with the LPG gas connection?
The Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme under the Pahal introduced by the Central Government has mandated consumers who use domestic LPG cylinders to link their Aadhaar number with the respective gas distributor with the intention of securing the subsidy amount through the direct benefits transfer scheme. One has to correctly link the Aadhaar number with the bank account and the gas connection to enjoy the benefits of the subsidy scheme.
Customers can choose any of the options listed below to link their Aadhaar card number with the GLP connection.
• Offline method
• Online mode
• SMS mode
• IVRS method
Customers have to take an online form impression or they must pick up the LPG link form from the local gas distributor with which they have secured a LPG gas connection. Complete all the details as mentioned on the form, including the 17-digit GLP consumer number and the 12-digit Aadhaar number. Attach a photocopy of the Aadhaar card along with the form. After completing all the required details, send the form to the gas distributor to link the Aadhaar number to the gas connection.
The customer can also link his Aadhaar card with the gas distributor through the online mode. For this, one has to visit the UIDAI Resident Self-Management Portal and enter the location and residential address. Continuing, one has to choose the type of benefit with which the distributor is associated (HP or Bharat Gas or Indane Gas). After this, the client must complete the personal data and, after completing all the required information, one must click on the Send button.
After this, the client will obtain an OTP (One Time Password) in his mobile phone number registered with UIDAI, the same must be entered in the online form for the final shipment.
One has to first visit the respective web portal of the GLP marketing agency (Bharat Gas or Hindustan Petroleum Gas or Indane Gas) and verify the list of contact numbers of various states available on its portal. Enter the contact number of the state in which you reside and send an SMS to the state's contact number from the mobile number registered in the following UID format.
For example: if the number of the Aadhaar card is 98765432101236, then the SMS format will be UID 98765432101236.
When sending the SMS in the aforementioned format, one will receive a confirmation SMS informing about the successful linkage of the Aadhaar number with the gas connection.
The customer must follow the method mentioned below to link an Aadhaar card number to the gas connection using the IVRS method. One has to first visit the website of the gas agency portal and find out the status of the list to get the IVRS contact number which generally differs from one distributor to another and also from one state to another. When obtaining the number, dial the number and follow the mentioned instructions, entering the 12-digit Aadhaar number and confirming it by pressing option 1 and in this way, you can link the Aadhaar card with the corresponding gas distributor.
Latest updates in LPG price
LPG prices of subsidized and unsubsidized cylinders cut in July
Gas agencies administered by the government have reduced the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), both subsidized and unsubsidized, with immediate effect as of July 1, 2019.
LPG prices in India are reviewed regularly once a month (at the beginning of each month), in accordance with world crude prices and the exchange value of the rupee dollar.
With this, the prices of the unsubsidized LPG cylinders were reduced by Rs 100.50 and those of the subsidized ones were reduced by around Rs 3 compared to an increase of Rs 1.23 in the month of June.
Consequently, the prices of the subsidized LPG cylinder will cost 494.35 rupees per cylinder in Delhi, 497.47 rupees per cylinder in Calcutta, 492.04 rupees per cylinder in Mumbai and 482.23 rupees per cylinder in Chennai.
In the case of non-subsidized, the actual prices of LPG cylinders will be Rs 637 per cylinder in Delhi, Rs 662.50 per cylinder in Calcutta, Rs 608.50 per cylinder in Mumbai and Rs 652.50 per cylinder in Chennai.
July 1, 2019
LPG prices increased for both subsidized and non-subsidized cylinders
The prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have been increased by the state Indian Oil Corporation Limited. This is the fourth consecutive increase in LPG prices in the year.
The prices of subsidized domestic LPG cylinders increase with an immediate effect of Rs 1.23 in all cities of India. With this revision, a domestic LPG cylinder in Delhi will cost Rs 497.37, Rs 500.52 in Calcutta, Rs 495.09 in Mumbai and Rs 485.25 in Chennai.
In the case of a non-subsidized LPG cylinder weighing 14.2 kg, the price per cylinder increases by Rs 25 throughout the country with immediate effect. Consequently, the price of the non-subsidized LPG cylinder will cost Rs 737.50 in Delhi, Rs 763.50 per cylinder in Calcutta, Rs 709.50 in Mumbai and Rs 753 in Chennai.
June 1, 2019
Prices of subsidized and non-subsidized LPG cylinders increased
The prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have increased for both subsidized and unsubsidized ones as of May 1, 2019. LPG prices are revised once a month and are actually based on crude oil prices in the international market. and the currency exchange rate.
According to the website of Indian Oil Corporation Limited, the rates of subsidized LPG cylinders increase between 28 and 29 countries. Consequently, the price of a subsidized domestic cylinder will cost Rs 496.14 paise in New Delhi, Rs 499.29 paise per cylinder in Calcutta, Rs 493.86 per cylinder in Mumbai and Rs 484.02 per cylinder in Chennai.
The prices of non-subsidized LPG cylinders increased by Rs.6 per cylinder in all metropolitan cities. The prices of the non-subsidized cylinder will be Rs 712.50 in Delhi, Rs 738.50 in Calcutta, Rs 684.50 in Mumbai and Rs 728 per cylinder in Chennai.
May 2, 2019
Prices of subsidized and non-subsidized LPG cylinders increased with immediate effect
The prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for both subsidized and non-subsidized cylinders have increased as of April 1, 2019. This is the second consecutive rise in the year. Consequently, the prices of a subsidized national cylinder will cost Rs 495.86 per cylinder (14.2 kg) in Delhi and for an unsubsidized one, it will cost Rs 706.50 per cylinder. The cost of the subsidized cylinder has increased by 25 paise per cylinder in the case of the national ones, while for the non-subsidized ones, the prices increased by Rs 5 per cylinder in the national capital.
In Mumbai, the subsidized cylinder has a price of Rs 493.57 per cylinder and a non-subsidized cylinder will cost Rs 678.50 per cylinder, compared to the previous rate of Rs 493.32 per cylinder and Rs 673.50 per cylinder, respectively, in the month of March.
The prices of LPG cylinders are checked regularly once a month according to the prices of crude oil in the international market and also according to the exchange rate of the currency.
The amount of the subsidy in the national cylinders will be credited directly to the consumer's bank account.
April 1, 2019
Prices of LPG cylinders and prices of subsidies increased
Indian Oil Corporation raised the prices of domestic liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) by Rs 2.08 per cylinder and, for non-subsidized ones, increased by Rs 42.50 per cylinder.
This is the first increase in LPG prices after a successive fall in a three-month period.
In a statement issued by the IOC, he points out that the fiscal impact on the market rate of the fuel increase and exchange rate fluctuations, added to the increase in fuel prices in global markets, led to the increase in the price of diesel cylinders. GLP
Currently, the price of a subsidized LPG cylinder of 14.2 kg will cost Rs 495.61 in Delhi, while the unsubsidized price weighing 14.2 kg will cost Rs 701.50 per cylinder.
The subsidy rates per cylinder have also been increased to Rs 205.89 as of March 2019 from the previous rate of Rs 165.47 per cylinder during February 2019.
Oil companies in India check LPG prices on the first day of each month in line with the global fuel prices and the exchange rate of the currency.
March 1, 2019
Domestic LPG cylinder prices and trimmed subsidy amount
The prices of domestic LPG cylinders were reduced by 1.46 rupees per cylinder with immediate effect as of Thursday evening. This is the third direct cut in the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders amid falling global oil prices in the global market and the appreciation of the Indian domestic rupee against the US dollar.
According to the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) statement, the cost of the LPG cylinder with national subsidy of 14.2 kg will be Rs 493.53 in Delhi, starting at midnight yesterday. Previously, the cost of the national subsidized LPG cylinder of 14.2 kg was Rs 494.99.
In a statement, the IOC stated that the unsubsidized or market price of LPG rates was reduced by Rs 30 per cylinder "due to the fall in the price of LPG in the international market and the strengthening of the exchange rate of the US dollar. in rupees. "
All domestic customers in the country will buy the LPG cylinders at the market price and the government of India will directly pay the subsidy amount to their respective bank accounts that are linked to their gas connection.
The IOC also noted that "As a result, the cash advance payment by the domestic LPG consumer will also be reduced by Rs 30 per cylinder, and the national LPG consumer will now be required to make a cash advance payment of Rs 659 per cylinder instead of Rs 689 per cylinder. "
Starting in February, customers will receive Rs 165.47 per cylinder as subsidy amount in their respective bank accounts compared to Rs 194.01 per cylinder in the month of January 2019.
February 1, 2019
Reduced LPG prices in Rs 120 for non-subsidized cylinders
The central government reduced the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) with immediate effect as of January 1, 2019. The prices of both the subsidized domestic LPG cylinders and the unsubsidized domestic LPG cylinders have been reduced in view Depreciation of international crude oil prices.
The domestic subsidized cylinder rates weighing 14.2 kg were reduced by approximately 5 rupees per cylinder and the unsubsidized domestic cylinders (14.2 kg) were reduced by 120 rupees per cylinder. This is the second consecutive reduction in the prices of LPG cylinders in the last two months in India.
The fall in world fuel prices and the strengthening of the exchange rate of the US currency. UU – India is the main reason behind the fall in LPG prices in India.
January 1, 2019
Reduced LPG prices in Rs 6.50 per cylinder with national subsidy
The government of India reduced the prices of the subsidized domestic cylinder at Rs 6.50 per cylinder of LPG with immediate effect after the decrease in the international rates of fuel added with the appreciation of the Indian rupee.
Indian Oil Corporation, the country's largest fuel distributor, announced in a statement that the prices of a subsidized domestic LPG cylinder of 14.2 kg will cost Rs 500.90 in Delhi compared to the previous price of Rs 507.43. While a cylinder of LPG gas not subsidized will cost Rs 809.50 in the national capital of India, below the previous rate of Rs 133 per cylinder.
December 1, 2018
Prices of LPG cylinders soar in India; Subsidized rates also increase
The prices of LPG cylinders in India have risen since Novermber 2018 and this is the sixth consecutive rise on a monthly basis starting in June. The Ministry of Petroleum cited that the rise in prices is mainly due to the fiscal impact. The tax rates on LPG vary each month and depend on the fluctuation in the average international reference rate of the LPG, as well as the exchange rate.
The rates of the subsidized national LPG cylinder, which weighs 14.2 kg, increased by Rs 2.94 per cylinder, while the non-subsidized ones increased by Rs 60 per cylinder.
Además de esto, el gobierno también aumentó las tasas de subsidio para el cilindro de GLP nacional y, en consecuencia, a los clientes se les acreditarán Rs 433.66 por cilindro de GLP en noviembre de 2018, por encima del monto del subsidio anterior de Rs 376.60 por cilindro en octubre de 2018. Un saldo de Rs 57.06 (Rs 60 – Rs 2.94) por cilindro se compensará al consumidor como un monto de subsidio que se transferirá directamente a sus respectivas cuentas bancarias.
2 de noviembre de 2018